Volume 14, Number 3
Volume 14, Number 3, 2009
Martinez R., Simo C.
NonIntegrability of Hamiltonian Systems Through High Order Variational Equations: Summary of Results and Examples
Abstract
This paper deals with nonintegrability criteria, based on differential Galois theory and requiring the use of higher order variational equations. A general methodology is presented to deal with these problems. We display a family of Hamiltonian systems which require the use of order $k$ variational equations, for arbitrary values of $k$, to prove nonintegrability. Moreover, using third order variational equations we prove the nonintegrability of a nonlinear springpendulum problem for the values of the parameter that can not be decided using first order variational equations.

Przybylska M.
Darboux Points and Integrability of Homogeneous Hamiltonian Systems with Three and More Degrees of Freedom. Nongeneric Cases
Abstract
In this paper the problem of classification of integrable natural Hamiltonian systems with $n$ degrees of freedom given by a Hamilton function, which is the sum of the standard kinetic energy and a homogeneous polynomial potential $V$ of degree $k > 2$, is investigated. It is assumed that the potential is not generic. Except for some particular cases a potential $V$ is not generic if it admits a nonzero solution of equation $V'(\bf d)=0$. The existence of such a solution gives very strong integrability obstructions obtained in the frame of the Morales–Ramis theory. This theory also gives additional integrability obstructions which have the form of restrictions imposed on the eigenvalues $(\lambda_1, \ldots, \lambda_n)$ of the Hessian matrix $V''(\bf d)$ calculated at a nonzero $\bf d \in \mathbb{C}^n$ satisfying $V'(\bf d)=\bf d$. In our previous work we showed that for generic potentials some universal relations between $(\lambda_1, \ldots, \lambda_n)$ calculated at various solutions of $V'(\bf d)={\bf d}$ exist. These relations allow one to prove that the number of potentials satisfying the necessary conditions for the integrability is finite. The main aim of this paper was to show that relations of such forms also exist for nongeneric potentials. We show their existence and derive them for the case $n = k = 3$ applying the multivariable residue calculus. We demonstrate the strength of the results analyzing in details the nongeneric cases for $n = k = 3$. Our analysis covers all the possibilities and we distinguish those cases where known methods are too weak to decide if the potential is integrable or not. Moreover, for $n = k = 3$, thanks to this analysis, a threeparameter family of potentials integrable or superintegrable with additional polynomial first integrals which seemingly can be of an arbitrarily high degree with respect to the momenta was distinguished.

Tsiganov A. V.
Leonard Euler: Addition Theorems and Superintegrable Systems
Abstract
We consider the Euler approach to constructing to investigating of the superintegrable systems related to the addition theorems. As an example we reconstruct Drach systems and get some new twodimensional superintegrable Stäckel systems.

Kudryashov N. A., Soukharev M. B.
Popular Ansatz Methods and Solitary Wave Solutions of the Kuramoto–Sivashinsky Equation
Abstract
Some methods to look for exact solutions of nonlinear differential equations are discussed. It is shown that many popular methods are equivalent to each other. Several recent publications with "new" solitary wave solutions for the Kuramoto–Sivashinsky equation are analyzed. We demonstrate that all these solutions coincide with the known ones.

Vul’fson A. N., Borodin O. O.
Size Distribution of Convective Thermals in an Unstable Stratified Turbulent Surface Layer
Abstract
An ensemble of convective thermals is considered in the surface layer of penetrative turbulent convection over a homogeneous heated horizontal surface. An integral model of an unsteady spontaneous jet having an exact selfsimilar solution is proposed to describe the dynamics of an isolated convective element. A statistical model for an ensemble of convective elements using a hydrodynamic analogy of the isolated spontaneous jet equations is suggested. It is supposed that motion of the elements of an ensemble corresponds to a statistic invariant that combines the squared velocity and the diameter of the jet. Using the combination of the statistic invariant of an ensemble and the Boltzmann distributions on squares of velocities, the size distribution of spontaneous jets in a convective surface layer of the atmosphere is constructed, which agrees with available experimental data.
