Volume 13, Number 3
Volume 13, Number 3, 2008
Kozlov V. V.
Abstract
The paper develops an approach to the proof of the "zeroth" law of thermodynamics. The approach is based on the analysis of weak limits of solutions to the Liouville equation as time grows infinitely. A class of linear oscillating systems is indicated for which the average energy becomes eventually uniformly distributed among the degrees of freedom for any initial probability density functions. An example of such systems are sympathetic pendulums. Conditions are found for nonlinear Hamiltonian systems with finite number of degrees of freedom to converge in a weak sense to the state where the mean energies of the interacting subsystems are the same. Some issues related to statistical models of the thermostat are discussed.

Pokorny P.
Abstract
Equations of motion for 3dim heavy spring elastic pendulum are derived and rescaled to contain a single parameter. Condition for the stability of vertical large amplitude oscillations is derived analytically relating the parameter of the system and the amplitude of the vertical oscillation. Numerical continuation is used to find the border of the stability region in parameter space with high precision. The stability condition is approximated by a simple formula valid for a large range of the parameter and of the amplitude of oscillation. The bifurcation responsible for the loss of stability is identified.

Dos Santos F.,
Abstract
The problem of knowing the stability of one equilibrium solution of an analytic autonomous Hamiltonian system in a neighborhood of the equilibrium point in the case where all eigenvalues are pure imaginary and the matrix of the linearized system is nondiagonalizable is considered.We give information about the stability of the equilibrium solution of Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom in the critical case. We make a partial generalization of the results to Hamiltonian systems with $n$ degrees of freedom, in particular, this generalization includes those in [1].

Tsiganov A. V.
Abstract
Locally any completely integrable system is maximally superintegrable system since we have the necessary number of the actionangle variables. The main problem is the construction of the singlevalued additional integrals of motion on the whole phase space by using these multivalued actionangle variables. Some constructions of the additional integrals of motion for the Stäckel systems and for the integrable systems related with two different quadratic $r$matrix algebras are discussed. Among these system there are the open Heisenberg magnet and the open Toda lattices associated with the different root systems.

Tsiganov A. V.
Abstract
We introduce a family of compatible Poisson brackets on the space of $2 \times 2$ polynomial matrices, which contains the reflection equation algebra bracket. Then we use it to derive a multiHamiltonian structure for a set of integrable systems that includes the $XXX$ Heisenberg magnet with boundary conditions, the generalized Toda lattices and the Kowalevski top.

Borisov A. V., Kilin A. A., Mamaev I. S.
Abstract
For the classical problem of motion of a rigid body about a fixed point with zero area integral, we present a family of solutions that are periodic in the absolute space. Such solutions are known as choreographies. The family includes the wellknown Delone solutions (for the Kovalevskaya case), some particular solutions for the Goryachev–Chaplygin case, and the Steklov solution. The "genealogy" of solutions of the family naturally appearing from the energy continuation and their connection with the Staude rotations are considered. It is shown that if the integral of areas is zero, the solutions are periodic with respect to a coordinate frame that rotates uniformly about the vertical (relative choreographies).

Borisov A. V., Kilin A. A., Mamaev I. S.
Abstract
In this paper, we consider the transition to chaos in the phase portrait of a restricted problem of rotation of a rigid body with a fixed point. Two interrelated mechanisms responsible for chaotization are indicated: (1) the growth of the homoclinic structure and (2) the development of cascades of period doubling bifurcations. On the zero level of the area integral, an adiabatic behavior of the system (as the energy tends to zero) is noted. Meander tori induced by the break of the torsion property of the mapping are found.

Kudryashov N. A.
Abstract
The generalized Kuramoto–Sivashinsky equation in the case of the power nonlinearity with arbitrary degree is considered. New exact solutions of this equation are presented.
