Nikolay Martynchuk
University of Groningen
Publications:
Martynchuk N., Waalkens H.
Knauf’s Degree and Monodromy in Planar Potential Scattering
2016, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 697706
Abstract
We consider Hamiltonian systems on $(T^{*}\mathbb R^2, dq \wedge dp)$ defined by a Hamiltonian function $H$ of the “classical” form $H = p^2/2 + V (q)$. A reasonable decay assumption $V(q) \to 0, \, \q\ \to \infty$, allows one to compare a given distribution of initial conditions at $t = −\infty$ with their final distribution at $t = +\infty$. To describe this Knauf introduced a topological invariant $\text{deg}(E)$, which, for a nontrapping energy $E > 0$, is given by the degree of the scattering map. For rotationally symmetric potentials $V = W(\q\)$, scattering monodromy has been introduced independently as another topological invariant. In the present paper we demonstrate that, in the rotationally symmetric case, Knauf’s degree $\text{deg}(E)$ and scattering monodromy are related to one another. Specifically, we show that scattering monodromy is given by the jump of the degree $\text{deg}(E)$, which appears when the nontrapping energy $E$ goes from low to high values.
