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Elena Kudryavtseva

119899, Moscow, Vorobyevy gory
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University


Kudryavtseva E. A.
Reduction of Morse Functions on Surfaces to Canonical Form by Smooth Deformation
1999, vol. 4, no. 3, pp.  53-60
Relatively recently in works [3], [4] the topological classification of smooth Hamiltonian systems with one degree of freedom was obtained. When we study the stability of obtained topological invariants, the following natural question arised: is the space of all Morse functions with fixed number of minima and maxima on a closed surface connected? The present paper discusses this question and gives an algorithm of reduction of any Morse function on a closed orientable surface to the so-called canonical form.
Citation: Kudryavtseva E. A.,  Reduction of Morse Functions on Surfaces to Canonical Form by Smooth Deformation, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 1999, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 53-60
Kudryavtseva E. A.
Generalization of geometric Poincare theorem for small perturbations
1998, vol. 3, no. 2, pp.  46-66
We consider dynamical system in phase space, which has closed submanifold filled by periodic orbits. The following problem is analysed. Let us consider small perturbations of the system. What we can say about the number of survived periodic orbits, about their number and about their location in the neighborhood of a given submanifold? We obtain the solution of this problem for the perturbations of general type in terms of averaged perturbnation. The main result of the paper is as follows. Theorem: Let us consider the Hamiltonian system with Hamiltonian function $H$ on symplectic manifold $(M^{2n},\omega^2)$. Let $\Lambda \subset H^{-1}(h)$ be the closed nondegenerate submanifold filled by periodic orbits of this system. Then for the arbitrary perturbed function $\tilde{H}$, which is $C^2$-close to the initial function $H$, the system with the Hamiltonian $\tilde{H}$ has no less than two periodic orbits on the isoenergy surface $\tilde{H}^{-1}(h)$. Moreover, if either the fibration of $\Lambda$ by closed orbits is trivial, or the base $B=\Lambda /S^1$ of this fibration is locally flat, then the number of such orbits is not less than the minimal number of the critical points of smooth function on the quotient manifold $B$.
Citation: Kudryavtseva E. A.,  Generalization of geometric Poincare theorem for small perturbations, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 1998, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 46-66

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