# Theodore Popelensky

Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow, 119991 Russia
Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics

## Publications:

 Popelensky T. Y. A Note on the Weighted Yamabe Flow 2023, vol. 28, no. 3, pp.  309-320 Abstract For two dimensional surfaces (smooth) Ricci and Yamabe flows are equivalent. In 2003, Chow and Luo developed the theory of combinatorial Ricci flow for circle packing metrics on closed triangulated surfaces. In 2004, Luo developed a theory of discrete Yamabe flow for closed triangulated surfaces. He investigated the formation of singularities and convergence to a metric of constant curvature. In this note we develop the theory of a naïve discrete Ricci flow and its modification — the so-called weighted Ricci flow. We prove that this flow has a rich family of first integrals and is equivalent to a certain modification of Luo’s discrete Yamabe flow. We investigate the types of singularities of solutions for these flows and discuss convergence to a metric of weighted constant curvature. Keywords: combinatorial Yamabe flow, combinatorial Ricci flow, weighted flow Citation: Popelensky T. Y.,  A Note on the Weighted Yamabe Flow, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2023, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 309-320 DOI:10.1134/S1560354723030048
 Pepa R. Y., Popelensky T. Y. Combinatorial Ricci Flow for Degenerate Circle Packing Metrics 2019, vol. 24, no. 3, pp.  298-311 Abstract Chow and Luo [3] showed in 2003 that the combinatorial analogue of the Hamilton Ricci flow on surfaces converges under certain conditions to Thruston’s circle packing metric of constant curvature. The combinatorial setting includes weights defined for edges of a triangulation. A crucial assumption in [3] was that the weights are nonnegative. Recently we have shown that the same statement on convergence can be proved under a weaker condition: some weights can be negative and should satisfy certain inequalities [4]. On the other hand, for weights not satisfying conditions of Chow – Luo’s theorem we observed in numerical simulation a degeneration of the metric with certain regular behaviour patterns [5]. In this note we introduce degenerate circle packing metrics, and under weakened conditions on weights we prove that under certain assumptions for any initial metric an analogue of the combinatorial Ricci flow has a unique limit metric with a constant curvature outside of singularities. Keywords: combinatorial Ricci flow, degenerate circle packing metric Citation: Pepa R. Y., Popelensky T. Y.,  Combinatorial Ricci Flow for Degenerate Circle Packing Metrics, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2019, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 298-311 DOI:10.1134/S1560354719030043
 Pepa R. Y., Popelensky T. Y. Equilibrium for a Combinatorial Ricci Flow with Generalized Weights on a Tetrahedron 2017, vol. 22, no. 5, pp.  566-578 Abstract Chow and Lou [2] showed in 2003 that under certain conditions the combinatorial analogue of the Hamilton Ricci flow on surfaces converges to Thruston’s circle packing metric of constant curvature. The combinatorial setting includes weights defined for edges of a triangulation. A crucial assumption in [2] was that the weights are nonnegative.We have recently shown that the same statement on convergence can be proved under weaker conditions: some weights can be negative and should satisfy certain inequalities. In this note we show that there are some restrictions for weakening the conditions. Namely, we show that in some situations the combinatorial Ricci flow has no equilibrium or has several points of equilibrium and, in particular, the convergence theorem is no longer valid. Keywords: circle packing, combinatorial Ricci flow Citation: Pepa R. Y., Popelensky T. Y.,  Equilibrium for a Combinatorial Ricci Flow with Generalized Weights on a Tetrahedron, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2017, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 566-578 DOI:10.1134/S1560354717050070
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