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2013
Impact Factor

Gladston Duarte

68530, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, Instituto de Matemática, Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Publications:

Andrade J., Boatto S., Combot T., Duarte G., Stuchi T. J.
$N$-body Dynamics on an Infinite Cylinder: the Topological Signature in the Dynamics
2020, vol. 25, no. 1, pp.  78-110
Abstract
The formulation of the dynamics of $N$-bodies on the surface of an infinite cylinder is considered. We have chosen such a surface to be able to study the impact of the surface’s topology in the particle’s dynamics. For this purpose we need to make a choice of how to generalize the notion of gravitational potential on a general manifold. Following Boatto, Dritschel and Schaefer [5], we define a gravitational potential as an attractive central force which obeys Maxwell’s like formulas.
As a result of our theoretical differential Galois theory and numerical study — Poincaré sections, we prove that the two-body dynamics is not integrable. Moreover, for very low energies, when the bodies are restricted to a small region, the topological signature of the cylinder is still present in the dynamics. A perturbative expansion is derived for the force between the two bodies. Such a force can be viewed as the planar limit plus the topological perturbation. Finally, a polygonal configuration of identical masses (identical charges or identical vortices) is proved to be an unstable relative equilibrium for all $N >2$.
Keywords: $N$-body problem, Hodge decomposition, central forces on manifolds, topology and integrability, differential Galois theory, Poincaré sections, stability of relative equilibria
Citation: Andrade J., Boatto S., Combot T., Duarte G., Stuchi T. J.,  $N$-body Dynamics on an Infinite Cylinder: the Topological Signature in the Dynamics, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2020, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 78-110
DOI:10.1134/S1560354720010086

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