800 West Campbell Road, 75080 Richardson TX, USA
Department of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas
Adabrah A. K., Dragović V., Radnović M.
Periodic Billiards Within Conics in the Minkowski Plane and Akhiezer Polynomials
2019, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 464-501
We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for periodic and for elliptic periodic trajectories of billiards within an ellipse in the Minkowski plane in terms of an underlining elliptic curve. We provide several examples of periodic and elliptic periodic trajectories with small periods. We observe a relationship between Cayley-type conditions and discriminantly separable and factorizable polynomials. Equivalent conditions for periodicity and elliptic periodicity are derived in terms of polynomial-functional equations as well. The corresponding polynomials are related to the classical extremal polynomials. In particular, the light-like periodic trajectories are related to the classical Chebyshev polynomials. Similarities and differences with respect to the previously studied Euclidean case are highlighted.