via Saldini 50, I-20133 Milano, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università degli Studi di Milano
On the Classical and Quantum Integrability of Systems of Resonant Oscillators
2017, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 1-17
We study in this paper systems of harmonic oscillators with resonant frequencies. For these systems we present general procedures for the construction of sets of functionally independent constants of motion, which can be used for the definition of generalized actionangle variables, in accordance with the general description of degenerate integrable systems which was presented by Nekhoroshev in a seminal paper in 1972. We then apply to these classical integrable systems the procedure of quantization which has been proposed to the author by Nekhoroshev during his last years of activity at Milan University. This procedure is based on the construction of linear operators by means of the symmetrization of the classical constants of motion mentioned above. For 3 oscillators with resonance 1 : 1 : 2, by using a computer program we have discovered an exceptional integrable system, which cannot be obtained with the standard methods based on the obvious symmetries of the Hamiltonian function. In this exceptional case, quantum integrability can be realized only by means of a modification of the symmetrization procedure.