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2013
Impact Factor

Andrea Carati

Via Saldini 50, I-20133 Milano, Italy
Department of Mathematics, Universita degli Studi di Milano

Publications:

Carati A., Galgani L., Maiocchi A., Gangemi F., Gangemi R.
The FPU Problem as a Statistical-mechanical Counterpart of the KAM Problem, and Its Relevance for the Foundations of Physics
2018, vol. 23, no. 6, pp.  704-719
Abstract
We give a review of the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam (FPU) problem from the perspective of its possible impact on the foundations of physics, concerning the relations between classical and quantum mechanics. In the first part we point out that the problem should be looked upon in a wide sense (whether the equilibrium Gibbs measure is attained) rather than in the original restricted sense (whether energy equipartition is attained). The second part is devoted to some very recent results of ours for an FPU-like model of an ionic crystal, which has such a realistic character as to reproduce in an impressively good way the experimental infrared spectra. Since the existence of sharp spectral lines is usually considered to be a characteristic quantum phenomenon, even unconceivable in a classical frame, this fact seems to support a thesis suggested by the original FPU result. Namely, that the relations between classical and quantum mechanics are much subtler than usually believed, and should perhaps be reconsidered under some new light.
Keywords: FPU problem, foundations of statistical mechanics, relations between classical and quantum physics
Citation: Carati A., Galgani L., Maiocchi A., Gangemi F., Gangemi R.,  The FPU Problem as a Statistical-mechanical Counterpart of the KAM Problem, and Its Relevance for the Foundations of Physics, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2018, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 704-719
DOI:10.1134/S1560354718060060
Carati A., Galgani L., Maiocchi A., Gangemi F., Gangemi R.
Persistence of Regular Motions for Nearly Integrable Hamiltonian Systems in the Thermodynamic Limit
2016, vol. 21, no. 6, pp.  660-664
Abstract
A review is given of the studies aimed at extending to the thermodynamic limit stability results of Nekhoroshev type for nearly integrable Hamiltonian systems. The physical relevance of such an extension, i. e., of proving the persistence of regular (or ordered) motions in that limit, is also discussed. This is made in connection both with the old Fermi–Pasta–Ulam problem, which gave origin to such discussions, and with the optical spectral lines, the existence of which was recently proven to be possible in classical models, just in virtue of such a persistence.
Keywords: perturbation theory, thermodynamic limit, optical properties of matter
Citation: Carati A., Galgani L., Maiocchi A., Gangemi F., Gangemi R.,  Persistence of Regular Motions for Nearly Integrable Hamiltonian Systems in the Thermodynamic Limit, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2016, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 660-664
DOI:10.1134/S156035471606006X

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