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Ken Meyer

Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0025, USA
Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Cincinnati


Meyer K. R., Palacián J. F., Yanguas P.
Stability of a Hamiltonian System in a Limiting Case
2012, vol. 17, no. 1, pp.  24-35
We give a fairly simple geometric proof that an equilibrium point of a Hamiltonian system of two degrees of freedom is Liapunov stable in a degenerate case. That is the $1 : −1$ resonance case where the linearized system has double pure imaginary eigenvalues $\pm i \omega$, $\omega \ne 0$ and the Hamiltonian is indefinite. The linear system is weakly unstable, but if a particular coefficient in the normalized Hamiltonian is of the correct sign then Moser’s invariant curve theorem can be applied to show that the equilibrium point is encased in invariant tori and thus it is stable.
This result implies the stability of the Lagrange equilateral triangle libration points, $\mathcal{L}_4$ and $\mathcal{L}_5$, in the planar circular restricted three-body problem when the mass ratio parameter is equal to $\mu_R$, the critical value of Routh.
Keywords: stability, Lagrange equilateral triangle, KAM tori, Liapunov stable, planar circular restricted three-body problems, Routh’s critical mass ratio
Citation: Meyer K. R., Palacián J. F., Yanguas P.,  Stability of a Hamiltonian System in a Limiting Case, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2012, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 24-35
Cabral H. E., Meyer K. R., Schmidt D. S.
Stability and bifurcations for the $N + 1$ vortex problem on the sphere
2003, vol. 8, no. 3, pp.  259-282
The equations of motion for $N$ vortices on a sphere were derived by V.A.Bogomolov in 1977. References to related work can be found in the book by P.K.Newton. We use the equations of motion found there to discuss the stability of a ring of $N$ vortices of unit strength at the latitude $z$ together with a vortex of strength $\kappa$ at the north pole. The regions of stability are bounded by curves $\kappa = \kappa(z)$. These curves are computed explicitly for all values of $N$.
When the stability of a configuration changes, for example by varying the strength of the vortex at the north pole, bifurcations to new configurations are possible. We compute the bifurcation equations explicitly for $N = 2, 3$ and $4$. For larger values of $N$ the complexity of the formal computations becomes too great and we use a numerical value for the latitude instead. We thus derive the bifurcation equations in a semi-numerical form. As expected the new configurations look very similar to those which had been found previously for the planar case.
Citation: Cabral H. E., Meyer K. R., Schmidt D. S.,  Stability and bifurcations for the $N + 1$ vortex problem on the sphere , Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2003, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 259-282

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