Dynamics of a Pendulum in a Rarefied Flow

    2024, Volume 29, Number 1, pp.  134-142

    Author(s): Davydov A. A., Plakhov A.

    We consider the dynamics of a rod on the plane in a flow of non-interacting point particles moving at a fixed speed. When colliding with the rod, the particles are reflected elastically and then leave the plane of motion of the rod and do not interact with it. A thin unbending weightless “knitting needle” is fastened to the massive rod. The needle is attached to an anchor point and can rotate freely about it. The particles do not interact with the needle. The equations of dynamics are obtained, which are piecewise analytic: the phase space is divided into four regions where the analytic formulas are different. There are two fixed points of the system, corresponding to the position of the rod parallel to the flow velocity, with the anchor point at the front and the back. It is found that the former point is topologically a stable focus, and the latter is topologically a saddle. A qualitative description of the phase portrait of the system is obtained.
    Keywords: Newtonian aerodynamics, pendulum, elastic impact
    Citation: Davydov A. A., Plakhov A., Dynamics of a Pendulum in a Rarefied Flow, Regular and Chaotic Dynamics, 2024, Volume 29, Number 1, pp. 134-142

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