# Shilnikov Lemma for a Nondegenerate Critical Manifold of a Hamiltonian System

*2013, Volume 18, Number 6, pp. 774-800*

Author(s):

**Bolotin S. V., Negrini P.**

Let $M$ be a normally hyperbolic symplectic critical manifold of a Hamiltonian system. Suppose $M$ consists of equilibria with real eigenvalues. We prove an analog of the Shilnikov lemma (strong version of the $\lambda$-lemma) describing the behavior of trajectories near $M$. Using this result, trajectories shadowing chains of homoclinic orbits to $M$ are represented as extremals of a discrete variational problem. Then the existence of shadowing periodic orbits is proved. This paper is motivated by applications to the Poincaré’s second species solutions of the 3 body problem with 2 masses small of order $\mu$. As $\mu \to 0$, double collisions of small bodies correspond to a symplectic critical manifold $M$ of the regularized Hamiltonian system. Thus our results imply the existence of Poincaré’s second species (nearly collision) periodic solutions for the unrestricted 3 body problem.

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