# Zero-Dispersion Limit to the Korteweg-de Vries Equation: a Dressing Chain Approach

*2008, Volume 13, Number 5, pp. 424-430*

Author(s):

**Novokshenov V. Y.**

An asymptotic solution of the KdV equation with small dispersion is studied for the case of smooth hump-like initial condition with monotonically decreasing slopes. Despite the well-known approaches by Lax–Levermore and Gurevich–Pitaevskii, a new way of constructing the asymptotics is proposed using the inverse scattering transform together with the dressing chain technique developed by A. Shabat [1]. It provides the Whitham-type approximaton of the leading term by solving the dressing chain through a finite-gap asymptotic ansatz. This yields the Whitham equations on the Riemann invariants together with hodograph transform which solves these equations explicitly. Thus we reproduce an uniform in $x$ asymptotics consisting of smooth solution of the Hopf equation outside the oscillating domain and a slowly modulated cnoidal wave within the domain. Finally, the dressing chain technique provides the proof of an asymptotic estimate for the leading term.

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